The initial effects of climate change are always expressed through the water. Global organisations such as the World Bank describe the current water situation as excessive, contaminated and sparse. Excessive, because of the effects of natural calamity, caused due to the rise in climate change is affecting the poor people worst. Contaminated, because, much of the wastewater doesn’t get treated. Sparse, because of the increasing demand for water. According to a World Bank report, close to 2.2 billion people around the world don’t have reliable access to clean drinking water and 4.2 billion people don’t have access to hygienic sanitation.
The water crisis has been globally termed as a hindrance to development. India is one country which is going through extremely tough times. Largely, there are six main factors which are leading to water scarcity:
Increasing Rate of Population
With a constantly increasing rate of population, the demand for water is also expected to rise. According to a United Nations report, by the year 2050, India is projected to be the most populous country in the world surpassing China. Currently, we are not sufficiently able to meet the water needs of the existing population and with an increase in population, it will add up to the already extreme crisis.
Depletion of Groundwater Levels
Approximately, 30% of the Earth’s freshwater is in underground aquifers. Over the last century, this freshwater has been excessively used for industrial, agricultural and basic water usage purposes. According to a report by the World Resources Institute, India is one of the -greatest extractors of this groundwater, resulting in the depletion of 54% of India’s wells. It is the need of the hour to take drastic measure to control the situation, otherwise, this percentage is going to rise in the coming years.
Climate Change is a lingering crisis. It is leading to unpredictable weather conditions and disasters globally. And, the very first signals of it can be seen in the depleting water levels. Several regions around the globe are experiencing different impacts with similar consequences leading to a larger scarcity problem.
Destruction of Natural Habitat
The ecosystem consists of several components such as forests, water bodies, etc. According to a report by the World Resources Institute, forested watersheds across the world have lost approximately 22% of their forests. Trees, plants and soil help in water retention. However, an increased rate of deforestation for the purpose of urbanisation has drastically harmed the natural habitat.
Water Pricing & Infrastructure
Along with the availability of water, accessibility of water in terms of transportation, treatment and discharge are also important matters of concern. Many countries are dealing with the problem of high levels of water loss due to poor water infrastructure. Also, the cost of water generally doesn’t include the total cost of service, transportation, treatment and discharge. This results in an unequal distribution of water and insufficient investment for infrastructure and new technologies.
Recycling water for reusable purposes is one solution to the problem of depleting water levels. Therefore, wastewater treatment is the need of the hour. Rochem India is one of the leading wastewater treatment solution providers. It offers effective and efficient solutions backed with advanced technologies like Disc-Tube Reverse Osmosis, Nanofiltration, Zero Liquid Discharge, etc. With the drive to minimise the harmful impact on the environment and incorporate next-generation technologies for the effective treatment of wastewater, Rochem India caters to a wide range of industries.
Save, recycle & reuse water, install your wastewater purification plant now:
E-mail - email@example.com
Call - +91 (22) 6704 9000